Lillian Nuthatch writing

Size

6 inches

Eggs

Nest

Habitat

Location


photo credit - Flickr Kelly Colgan Azar's photostream
photo credit - Flickr Kelly Colgan Azar's photostream

photo credit - Wikipedia
photo credit - Wikipedia

From Wikipedia:

The White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis) is a small songbird of the nuthatch family which breeds in old-growth woodland across much of temperate North America. It is a stocky bird, with a large head, short tail, powerful bill and strong feet. The upperparts are pale orange, and the face and underparts are white. It has a black cap and a chestnut lower belly. The nine subspecies differ mainly in the color of the body plumage.
Like other nuthatches, the White-breasted Nuthatch forages for insects on trunks and branches, and is able to move head-first down trees. Seeds form a substantial part of its winter diet, as do acorns and hickory nuts that were stored by the bird in the fall. The nest is in a hole in a tree, and the breeding pair may smear insects around the entrance as a deterrent to squirrels. Adults and young may be killed by hawks, owls and snakes, and forest clearance may lead to local habitat loss, but this is a common species with no major conservation concerns over most of its range.
Like other members of its genus, the White-breasted Nuthatch has a large head, short tail, short wings, a powerful bill and strong feet; it is 13–14 cm (5–6 in) long, with a wingspan of 20–34 cm (8–11 in) and a weight of 18–30 g (0.64–1.06 oz).[3[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_breasted_Nuthatch#cite_note-Cornell-2|]]]
The nest cavity is usually a natural hole in a decaying tree, sometimes an old woodpecker nest, and occasionally an artificial nest box intended for the Eastern Bluebird.[12[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_breasted_Nuthatch#cite_note-Oklahoma-11|]]] The nest hole is usually 3–12 m (10–40 ft) high in a tree and is lined with fur, fine grass, and shredded bark. The clutch is five to nine eggs which are creamy-white, speckled with reddish brown, and average 19 x 82 mm (0.75 x 0.55 in) in size. The eggs are incubated by the female for 13 to 14 days prior to hatching, and the altricial chicks fledge in a further 18 to 26 days.[3[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_breasted_Nuthatch#cite_note-Cornell-2|]]] Both adults feed the chicks in the nest and for about two weeks after fledging, and the male also feeds the female while she is incubating.
Photo credit - Flickr ehpien's photostream
Photo credit - Flickr ehpien's photostream

Photo credit - Flickr naathas' photostream
Photo credit - Flickr naathas' photostream



"An intense bundle of energy at your feeder, Red-breasted Nuthatches are tiny, active birds of north woods and western mountains. These long-billed, short-tailed songbirds travel through tree canopies with chickadees, kinglets, and woodpeckers but stick to tree trunks and branches, where they search bark furrows for hidden insects. Their excitable yank-yank calls sound like tiny tin horns being honked in the treetops." credit Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Cornell Lab of Ornithology with calls